Outcome Frameworks. By Robert M. Penna and William J. Phillips. Available at

“Eight Outcome Models,” an article in The Evaluation Exchange of the Harvard Family Research Project.  (Volume XI, No. 2, Summer 2005.)

You and your Nonprofit. Edited by Norman Olshansky and Linda Lysakowski; part of Charity Channel’s “In the Trenches” series. A veritable library on nonprofit management.

Saving Philanthropy, a film narrated by Kate Robinson. A basic primer on the why and how of outcomes, it is a powerful message to all nonprofit leaders and practitioners.

Leap of Reason by Mario Morino.  Published by Venture Philanthropy Partners.